Garissa County is water scarce with only 23.8 per cent of the population having access to safe water. Access to piped water is limited to the sub-county headquarters where approximately 27,725 households have connection. The main source of water in the county is River Tana and seasonal Laghas. The average distance to the nearest water point is 25Km. However, for residents of Garissa Town, this distance has reduced considerably.
The rural population served by FaIDA have not access to safe water for domestic use except for the boreholes. The people consume the borehole water directly without any form of treatment. FaIDA with financial support of her donors have been trying to address some of these challenges. One of such initiatives is the construction of elevated steel tank in Alinjugur funded by UNHCR. The 125M3 tank has a capacity to serve the entire population in Alinjugur. Several water kiosks have also been constructed and connected to the tank. This storage tank also provide an opportunity for treating the water before distribution. The water users association can also have easy time collecting revenue from the kiosks.
This project has provided a welcome relief to the people who were competing with animals for the water. Now, the water pumped to the tank and distributed to households while animals can drink from the troughs.
In the rural areas such as Yumbis location in Jarajilla Division, Garissa County, hundreds of households lack proper lighting systems at home and rely on dim, smoky and dangerous kerosene based lighting. Air pollution associated with Kerosene affects the respiratory systems of children causing illnesses. Sometimes, due to poverty, families lack money to buy kerosene meaning there would be lack of lighting at home.
FaIDA identified solar lamps as one of the solutions in addressing these challenges. The lamps are maintenance free and provide adequate lighting for households. Since the solar power in these areas are unlimited as they receive sunlight all day, there is sufficient sun to recharge the system.
These lights have improved lives in these areas including education outcomes. School going children can now study longer at night using clean and safe light and eliminating air pollution associated with kerosene.
This was a multi-year project (2012-2017) funded by IUCN Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO). The project focused on the Lower Tana sub-catchment: Garissa and Tana River Counties. The project’s overall objective was improving resilience of dryland communities within catchment to the impacts of increasingly severe and frequent drought. This was achieved through strengthened ecosystem management and adaptive capacity.
The project contributed to improving ecosystems management in the area by promoting effectively and sustainable use through coordination of local and formal institutions that are supported by an enabling positive policy environment.
The areas of project focus are initially 4 broad areas classified by WRMA as being in the 4GC and the 4GB management units in the Lower Tana sub-catchment, as follows:
- Khorweyne Sub-catchment in Balambala District (in 4GC) in Garissa County – which stretches from Danyere to Saka. There is already a WRUA in this area and WRMA with IUCN support has facilitated the development of a sub-catchment management plan (SCMP) for this area.
- Al-Amin Moju Sub-Catchment (in 4GB) in Tana River County which is in the location of Kamaguru and stretches from Oduwame, Roka, Balambala and Bangale. Similarly, the area has a WRUA and IUCN has supported the development of a SCMP.
- Saka Sub-Catchment in Balambala District (in 4GC) in Garissa County – IUCN through its previous project supported its establishment and the WRUA is currently registered. WRUA in collaboration with IUCN and implementing partners has prepared adapted SCMP.
- Tula Sub-Catchment: Area from Odowani to Balambala to Roka to Karati to Tula (in 4GB) – IUCN through its previous project supported the establishment of a WRUA for this area and adapted SCMP has been developed.
For more information about the project, please follow the link below.